Coral reefs are among the world’s most diverse ecosystems, home to about one-third of all oceanic species of fish, and tens of thousands of marine species in total. Coral reefs are also valuable to humans, sheltering coastal areas from storms and offering billions in food and income all over the world. Unfortunately, many reefs have been permanently damaged or destroyed, and of those that remain, about 75 percent are threatened.
In the US, medication adherence is a major public health problem, particularly as it relates to the management of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is responsible for 1 in 4 deaths among Americans each year. Poor adherence to drugs prescribed to prevent heart failure (HF) is associated with an increased number of emergency department visits related to CVD. In addition, failure to adhere to medication for hypertension increases the risk of hospitalization, re-hospitalization, and premature death by more than 5 times. . . .
A serendipitous discovery may lead to new water purification and desalination technologies. Corresponding author Mihail Barboiu of the National Center for Scientific Research, or CNRS, a public organization governed by the French Ministry of Education and Research, corresponded with EM about the research. “We discovered artificial water channels by accident,” explains Barboiu. . . .
Viktor Gruev is a busy person. He’s a professor twice over, at the University of Illinois in electrical and computer engineering, and at the Carle Illinois College of Medicine, where his research in imaging technologies leads to better diagnostics and treatments for patients. Gruev also spends a lot of time taking cues from nature, and he spoke to EM about recently publishing on two different innovative sensing technologies.
By September of 2011, the Southern Great Plains of the United States had been in the grip of an intense drought for months. Crops withered in fields as water supplies dwindled and failed and wildfires raged and destroyed farmland, wilderness areas, and homes. The fall forecast that year didn’t look much better; La Niña had come, bringing below-normal precipitation and above-normal temperatures with it. There was little relief in sight. . . .
A strange and sad fact of life in the anthropocene is the ability to discover new species and the simultaneous inevitability that many of these newly discovered species will be threatened. Forces now inherent to this age, such as climate change, habitat destruction, and resource exploitation, are proving to be formidable—and in some cases insurmountable—foes for many a rare species. Since 2005, we have known about the Kiwaidae or yeti crabs.
The butterfly effect is a part of chaos theory that points to the sensitive interdependence of all things within a system. One tiny change in a system—such as a butterfly taking off and flying away—can eventually cause large differences down the line. Ecosystems are an easy lens for interpreting that effect, and recent research from researchers at the University of Montana, Oregon State University, National Audubon Society, and East Cascades Audubon Society suggests that even a changing water water level in a lake can result in major fluctuations in local wildlife.
This is no surprise to anyone who reads Environmental Monitor, but: it’s really very difficult to treat water. There are many reasons this is true—an almost endless stream of compounds from industrial chemicals to pharmaceuticals that can contaminate water, for example, which can be difficult to detect, let alone remove, one by one. However, even the basic properties of water make it tough to treat.
Minnesota’s Root River Field Stream Partnership is taking old-school concepts like stewardship and family farming values and teaming them up with the latest agricultural technologies to help local producers get ready for a more sustainable future. The project proves how much states and localities can achieve if they target high-risk runoff practices in strategic locations within local watersheds and replace them with more sustainable practices—a granular, focused approach.
You didn't start your business to become a content marketer, we know. But you still need to create great content — for SEO purposes to build organic traffic, get optimal mileage out of your site and generate leads. Next year in 2019, content marketing will be a $300 billion industry. But don't worry. You can do it even if you're not a content marketer. Here's how . . .
For most solopreneurs, product development, prototyping and sometimes even some basic manufacturing need to come before too much legal work happens. Unfortunately, this can leave your great ideas open to intellectual property theft or fraud. One of the scariest parts of pitching ideas isn't getting turned down — it's your idea getting stolen! If your product isn't yet finished, you probably don't have a patent on your idea, although you may have a trade secret or other available protections.
Etsy is a popular platform among sellers for many reasons. According to Forbes, at the end of 2016, Etsy reported 33% revenue growth, 19% gross sales growth, 50% seller services growth and a 110% increase in adjusted EBITDA with a 14.9% margin. In fact, "Despite increasing competition, . . . with trends pointing toward authenticity, local and unique—Etsy might just be the brand that wins hearts and wallets."
Coastal regions often come to mind when we think of flooding, but Iowa is home to a large number of floodplains. In fact, as a fairly flat state that’s home to many rivers, Iowa is no stranger to even very serious flood events like the one that took place in summer of 2008. Toward the beginning of June 2008, rains fed the rivers until, by the start of July, most of the state’s eastern rivers were involved in a massive flood event.
New research from a University of Waterloo team indicates that achieving Gulf of Mexico water quality goals may still take decades rather than years. This suggests that current policy goals may be too ambitious—but not that management and restoration efforts aren’t working. To place this into context, though, it helps to look into the past. The water quality of the northern Gulf of Mexico has become increasingly impaired over time.
In a world where billions are still affected by waterborne disease, yet advanced technologies flourish more every day, many scientists, engineers, and developers are working to apply new technologies to old problems. Water quality testing is a perennial challenge that is surprisingly difficult to handle; testing tech exists, but it takes money to buy, which is scarce where it’s most needed. It also takes time to use—and no one can go without water for long. The answer would be cheaper, easy to use methods for testing water for contaminants such as bacteria that provided results in real-time.