Sometimes one line of inquiry in science opens up interesting solutions in another area, as recent research from a Brock University, Canada team illustrates. There, postdoctoral fellow Val Andrew Fajardo was keen to explore the health effects of lithium in water based on his background in physiology.
Processes surrounding unconventional oil and gas extraction or hydraulic fracturing—in lay terms, fracking—have become a controversial topic in many circles. As with any such subject, it’s up to scientists and engineers to elucidate the facts and present unbiased evidence so policymakers and the public can make better, evidence-based decisions. This is the mission of the Collaborative Laboratories for Environmental Analysis and Remediation (CLEAR) at the University of Texas, Arlington . . .
Most people have never heard of the Rural Utilities Service (RUS), a tiny program housed within the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Of the $151 billion USDA budget in 2017, only $498 million was allotted to RUS; that’s about 0.3 percent. Yet RUS helps support infrastructure in small rural towns across America—and there are thousands of them right now in 2017 that have no access to drinking water that is safe.
The most elegant solutions to even the most knotty problems are often those devised by nature. An interdisciplinary team of researchers from the Upper Big Sioux River Watershed Project (UBS) and South Dakota State University (SDSU) have been developing one of nature’s solutions into a workable remover of contaminants such as nitrates, nitrites, phosphorus, and even heavy metals from slow-moving waters such as lakes and ponds: a small, unassuming aquatic plant called duckweed.
A team of researchers at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine has identified a conserved molecular pathway that controls health and lifespan in nematode worms (Caenorhabditis elegans) — a frequently studied model organism in biological research.
In a glass-paned building located on the scenic Tokyo waterfront, a team of scientists are reimagining the once humble chicken egg, transforming it into a medical tool with promising implications for cancer treatment. Using the groundbreaking CRISPR gene-editing technology, researchers from Japan’s National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) are working to create hens that lay eggs filled with specific proteins that fight disease, including cancer.
Dental fillings may soon be left in the ash heap of history, thanks to a recent discovery about a drug called Tideglusib. Developed for and trialled to treat Alzheimer’s disease, the drug also happens to promote the natural tooth regrowth mechanism, allowing the tooth to repair cavities. Tideglusib works by stimulating stem cells in the pulp of teeth, the source of new dentine. Dentine is the mineralized substance beneath tooth enamel that gets eaten away by tooth decay.
Researchers have trained a machine learning system to discern between breast lesions classified as high-risk; it can predict which are most likely to develop into cancer so unnecessary surgery can be avoided.
Although Elon Musk and Jeff Bezos dominate news coverage of what is seen as a billionaires' space race, other wealthy investors are funding space projects and investing in space startups that can't fund themselves at that level yet.
The White House has continued to omit the issue of climate change from its website since it was removed in January. Since then, policy actions have taken, despite this lack of a public online statement.
Volkswagen announced that the new electric I.D. BUZZ Microbus is going into production and will be available at dealerships in 2022. It will have Level 3 autonomous capability and other new tech while maintaining much of the classic microbus style.
According to a series of emails and other documents released by The Guardian, staff at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) have been instructed to avoid using the phrase “climate change,” and to instead use “weather extremes.” The emails were sent between staff at the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), a unit within the USDA dedicated to farmland conservation. In addition to “climate change,” staff are instructed to replace “climate change adaptation” with “resilience to weather extremes”; “reduce greenhouse gases” with “build soil organic matter, increase nutrient use efficiency”; and “sequester carbon” with “build soil organic matter.”
New research predicts dire outcomes in Europe if climate change is not addressed, including as many as 152,000 deaths from extreme weather related events annually. The study is released as the US confirms its intent to withdraw from the Paris Accord.
Elon Musk confirmed that the "verbal governmental approval" he received for the DC-New York Hyperloop came from the federal level. Musk is asking locals in affected cities to reach out to their elected officials to provide regional approval for the project.