Dame Stephanie Shirley, one of the UK’s most respected pioneers in computing, says that children as young as two should be introduced to the basics of coding. Shirley’s company sold software in the 1960s — among the first businesses to do so. She told The Guardian that it is essential to engage very young children, especially girls, before negative stereotypes take hold. To do so, she believes, helps to foster a love of problem-solving and puzzles.
An engineer has accidentally invented something that could change the way heavy oil gets to market. Ian Gates, a professor at the University of Calgary’s Schulich School of Engineering, was researching ways to upgrade bitumen — the viscous, black blend of hydrocarbons left as a residue after petroleum distillation — when he accidentally degraded the bitumen. The result was an even more viscous product Gates realized he could “package” in self-sealing pellets.
About 15 million Americans work the night shift, disrupting their Circadian rhythms for work, sometimes over the long term. This puts them at greater risk for obesity, mental health problems, cancer, and industrial accidents.